Practical Applications of the Independent Neutrosophic Components and of the Neutrosophic Offset Components


  • Florentin Smarandache Mathematics, Physical and Natural Sciences Division, University of New Mexico


Neutrosophy; Neutrosophic Components; Neutrosophic Offset Components; TriVariate Truth-Value; MultiVariate Truth-Value; UniVariate Truth-Value.


The newly introduced theories, proposed as extensions of the fuzzy theory, such as the Neutrosophic, Pythagorean, Spherical, Picture, Cubic theories, and their numerous hybrid forms, are criticized by the authors of [1]. In this paper we respond to their critics with respect to the neutrosophic theories and show that the DST, that they want to replace the A-IFS with, has many flaws.

Their misunderstanding, with respect to the partial and total independence of the neutrosophic components, is that in the framework of the neutrosophic theories we deal with a MultiVariate Truth-Value (truth upon many independent random variables) as in our real-life world, not with a UniVariate Truth-Value (truth upon only one random variable) as they believe.

About the membership degrees outside of the interval [0, 1], which are now in the arXiv and HAL mainstream, it is normal that somebody who over-works (works overtime) to have an over-membership (i.e., membership degree above 1) to be distinguished from those who do not work overtime (whose membership degree is between 0 and 1). And, similarly, a negative employee (that who does only damages to the company) to have a negative membership (i.e., membership degree below 0) in order to distinguish him from the positive employees (those whose membership degree is above 0). There are elementary practical applications in this paper that allow us to think out of box (in this case the box is the interval [0, 1]).


Download data is not yet available.




How to Cite

Smarandache, F. . (2021). Practical Applications of the Independent Neutrosophic Components and of the Neutrosophic Offset Components. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 47, 558-572. Retrieved from