Machine learning in Neutrosophic Environment: A Survey


  • Azeddine Elhassouny
  • Soufiane Idbrahim
  • Florentin Smarandache


Neutrosophic; Machine Learning, ; Single-valued Neutrosophic numbers, Neutrosophic simple linear regression, Neutrosophic-k-NN; Neutrosophic-SVM, Neutrosophic C-means, Neutrosophic Hierarchical Clustering


Veracity in big data analytics is recognized as a complex issue in data preparation process,
involving imperfection, imprecision and inconsistency. Single-valued Neutrosophic numbers
(SVNs), have prodded a strong capacity to model such complex information. Many Data mining
and big data techniques have been proposed to deal with these kind of dirty data in preprocessing
stage. However, only few studies treat the imprecise and inconsistent information inherent in the
modeling stage. However, this paper summarizes all works done about mapping machine learning
algorithms from crisp number space to Neutrosophic environment. We discuss also contributions
and hybridization of machine learning algorithms with Single-valued Neutrosophic numbers
(SVNs) in modeling imperfect information, and then their impacts on resolving reel world problems. In addition, we identify new trends for future research, then we introduce, for the first time,
a taxonomy of Neutrosophic learning algorithms, clarifying what algorithms are already processed
or not, which makes it easier for domain researchers.


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How to Cite

Azeddine Elhassouny, Soufiane Idbrahim, & Smarandache, F. (2019). Machine learning in Neutrosophic Environment: A Survey. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 28, 58-68. Retrieved from