Neutrosophic Game Theoretic Approach to Indo-Pak Conflict over Jammu-Kashmir


  • Surapati Pramanik Nandalal Ghosh B.T. College, Panpur, P.O.-Narayanpur, Dist-North 24 Parganas, PIN Code-743126, West Bengal, India
  • Tapan Kumar Roy Bengal Engineering and Science University, P.O.-B. Garden, District – Howrah-711103, West Bengal, India


Conflict resolution,, game theory,, Jammu and Kashmir conflict, neutrosophic membership function, optimal solution saddle point,


The study deals with the enduring conflict between India and Pakistan over Jammu and Kashmir since 1947. The ongoing conflict is analyzed as an enduring rivalry; characterized by three major wars (1947-48), 1965, 1971, low intensity military conflict (Siachen), mini war at Kargil (1999), internal insurgency, cross border terrorism. We examine the progress and the status of the dispute, as well as the dynamics of the India Pakistan relationship by considering the influence of USA and China in crisis dynamics. We discuss the possible solutions offered by the various study groups and persons. Most of the studies were done in crisp environment. Pramanik and Roy (S. Pramanik and T.K. Roy, Game theoretic model to the Jammu-Kashmir conflict between India and Pakistan. International Journal of Mathematical Archive (IJMA), 4(8) (2013), 162-170.) studied game theoretic model toJammu and Kashmir conflict in crisp environment. In the present study we have extended the concept of the game theoric model of the Jammu and Kashmir conflict in neutrosophic envirorment. We have explored the possibilities and developed arguments for an application of principle of neutrosophic game theory to understand properly of the Jammu and Kashmir conflict in terms of goals and strategy of either side. Standard 2×2 zero-sum game theoretic model used to identify an optimal solution.


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How to Cite

Pramanik, S., & Roy, T. K. . (2020). Neutrosophic Game Theoretic Approach to Indo-Pak Conflict over Jammu-Kashmir. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 2, 82-101. Retrieved from