Expanding Uncertainty Principle to Certainty-Uncertainty Principles with Neutrosophy and Quad-stage Method
Keywords:Neutrosophy, quad-stage method,, uncertainty principle, certainty-uncertainty principles, fractal, variable dimen-sion fractal, Ozawa inequality, principle (law) of conservation of energy
The most famous contribution of Heisenberg is the uncertainty principle. But the original uncertainty principle is improper. Considering all the possible situations (including the case that people can create laws) and ap-plying Neutrosophy and Quad-stage Method, this paper presents "certainty-uncertainty principles" with the general form and variable dimension fractal form. According to the classification of Neutrosophy, "certainty-uncertainty principles" can be divided into three principles in differ-ent conditions: "certainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously; "uncertainty principle", namely a particle’s position and momentum cannot be known simultaneously; and neutral (fuzzy) "indeterminacy principle", namely whether or not a particle’s position and momentum can be known simultaneously is undetermined. The special cases of "certain-ty-uncertainty principles" include the original uncertainty principle and Ozawa inequality. In addition, in accordance with the original uncertainty principle, discussing high-speed particle’s speed and track with Newton mechanics is unreasonable; but according to "certainty-uncertainty principles", Newton mechanics can be used to discuss the problem of the gravitational deflection of a photon orbit around the Sun (it gives the same result of deflection angle as given by general relativity). Finally, for the reason that in physics the principles, laws and the like that are regardless of the principle (law) of conservation of energy may be invalid; therefore "certainty-uncertainty principles" should be restricted (or con-strained) by the principle (law) of conservation of energy, and thus it can satisfy the principle (law) of conservation of energy
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