Classical Logic and Neutrosophic Logic. Answers to K. Georgiev


  • Florentin Smarandache University of New Mexico, Mathematics & Science Department, 705 Gurley Ave., Gallup, NM 87301, USA E-mail:


: Neutrosophic Logic, Neutrosophic Logical Systems, Single Valued Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Logic Negations, Degree of Dependence and Independence, Degrees of Membership, Standard and Non-Standard Real Subset


Abstract. In this paper, we make distinctions between Classical Logic (where the propositions are 100% true, or 100 false) and the Neutrosophic Logic (where one deals with partially true, partially indeterminate and partially false propositions) in order to respond to K. Georgiev’s criticism [1]. We recall that if an axiom is true in a classical logic system, it is not necessarily that the axiom be valid in a modern (fuzzy, intuitionistic fuzzy, neutrosophic etc.) logic system.


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How to Cite

Smarandache, F. . (2016). Classical Logic and Neutrosophic Logic. Answers to K. Georgiev. Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, 13, 79-83. Retrieved from