Neutrosophic Physics describes collections of objects or states that are individually characterized by contradictory properties, or are characterized neither by a property nor by the opposite of that property, or are composed of contradictory sub-elements. Such objects or states are called neutrosophic entities.

Therefore: a physical entity that is a combination of opposite elements, or a physical entity that has a property P and also the opposite of the property P, or a physical entity that has neither property Q nor the opposite of the property Q.

 Neutrosophic Physics means a mixture of physical concepts/ideas/spaces/laws/theories/objects <A> with their opposite <antiA> or with their neutral <neutA> (where <neutA> is the neutrality with respect to <A>, and means neither <A> nor <antiA> but in between), i.e. combinations of heterogeneous contradictory things which hold together. There are many cases in scientific fields (and in humanistic fields) that two or three of these items <A>, <antiA>, <neutA> coexist.

 An item <A> and its opposite <antiA> or their neutral <neutA> can be simultaneously valid.

Several examples of neutrosophic entities:


-          anyons in two spatial dimensions are arbitrary spin particles that are neither bosons (integer spin) nor fermions (half integer spin);


-          among possible Dark Matter candidates there may be exotic particles that are neither Dirac nor Majorana fermions;


-          mercury (Hg) is a state that is neither liquid nor solid under normal conditions at room temperature;


-          non-magnetic materials are neither ferromagnetic nor anti-ferromagnetic;


-          quark gluon plasma (QGP) is a phase formed by quasi-free quarks and gluons that behaves neither like a conventional plasma nor as an ordinary liquid;


-          unmatter, which is formed by matter and antimatter that bind together (Smarandache, 2004);


-          neutral Kaon, which is a pion & anti-pion composite (Santilli, 1978) and thus a form of unmatter;


-          neutrosophic methods in General Relativity (Rabounski-Smarandache-Borissova, 2005);


-          neutrosophic cosmological model (Rabounski-Borissova, 2011);


-          neutrosophic gravitation (Rabounski);


-          qubit and generally quantum superposition of states;


-          neutrino-photon doublet (Goldfain);


-          semiconductors are neither perfect conductors, nor isolators;


-          semi-transparent optical components are neither opaque  nor perfectly transparent to light;


-          meta-stable quantum states are neither perfectly stable nor instable;



Introduction to Neutrosophic Physics: Unmatter & Unparticle

December 2-4, 2011

University of New Mexico

[ American Mathematical Society calendar: ]

Venue: The University of New Mexico, Mathematics & Sciences Department, 200 College Rd., Gallup, NM 87301, USA;

Tel.: (505) 863-7647, Fax: (505) 863-7532 (Attn: Dr. F. Smarandache), E-mail:

Date: December 2-4, 2011

Web Site:

Organizer: Prof. Florentin Smarandache

Invited Speakers: Dr. E. Goldfain (USA), D. Rabounski & Dr. L. Borissova (Russia), V. Christianto (Indonesia).

Contributed papers should be sent, by November 15, 2011, to the organizer.


    The idea of unparticle was first considered by F. Smarandache in 2004, 2005 and 2006,  when he uploaded a paper on CERN web site and he published three papers about what he called 'unmatter', which is a new form of matter formed by matter and antimatter that bind together.

Unmatter was introduced in the context of ‘neutrosophy’ (Smarandache, 1995) and ‘paradoxism’ (Smarandache, 1980), which are based on combinations of opposite entities ‘A’  and ‘antiA’ together with their neutralities ‘neutA’ that are in between.

    In 2006 E. Goldfain introduced the concept of "fractional number of field quanta" and he conjectured that these exotic phases of matter may emerge in the near or deep ultraviolet sector of quantum field theory, as a result of non-equilibrium dynamics and the onset of complex behavior.

In the TeV sector the hypothetical high energy states consist of arbitrary mixtures of particles and antiparticles, which are similar to unparticles, and thus unparticles are particular cases of unmatter. 

   H. Georgi proposed the theory of unparticle physics in 2007 that conjectures matter that cannot be explained in terms of particles using the Standard Model of particle physics, because its components are scale invariant.

Unparticles are massless fields of nonintegral scaling dimensions.


          1)     Research on exotic forms of matter beyond the physics of the Standard Model (Dark Matter, Unmatter, Unparticles).

2)     The link between Neutrosophic Logic and High-Energy Physics.

3)     The link between Neutrosophic Logic and Models of Gravitational Fields (Classical or Quantum).

Abstracts and contributed papers should be sent to the organizer preferably by email at the address indicated above.

For more information on neutrosophics see the below books:

bullet A Unifying Field in Logics: Neutrosophic Logic.  Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability (fourth edition)
bullet Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Logic: Theory and Applications in Computing, by H. Wang, F. Smarandache, Y-Q. Zhang, R. Sunderraman

Some papers on neutrosophics:

bullet Definitions Derived from Neutrosophics
bullet Comments to Neutrosophics, by Carlos Gershenson (Mexico)

Name, Denominable and Undenominable, On Neither <A> Nor <Anti-A>, by Feng Liu (China)


Neutrosophic Transdisciplinarity, by F. Smarandache (1969).


N-norm and N-conorm in Neutrosophic Logic and Set, and the Neutrosophic Topologies, by F. Smarandache, in author's Neutrosophic book (2005).

Papers on unmatter

bullet A new form of matter, called "unmatter" [in CERN site - 2004] [in this site, Prog. Phys., 1/2005].

Verifying Unmatter by Experiments, More Types of Unmatter, Progress in Physics, 2/2005.

bullet Unmatter Entities inside Nuclei, Predicted by the Brightsen Nucleon Cluster Model, by F. Smarandache, D. Rabounski, Progress in Physics, 1/2006.
bullet On Emergent Physics, "Unparticles" and Exotic "Unmatter" States, by E. Goldfain, F. Smarandache, Prog. Phys., Vol. 4, 10-15, 2008.


MATHEMATICS Algebra Geometries Multispace
  Neutrosophic Environment Number Theory Statistics
PHILOSOPHY Neutrosophy, a new branch of philosophy Law of Included Multiple-Middle & Principle of Dynamic Neutrosophic Opposition  
PHYSICS Absolute Theory of Relativity Quantum Paradoxes Unmatter
  Neutrosophic Physics Superluminal and Instantaneous Physics  
BIOLOGY Neutrosophic Theory of Evolution Syndrome  
ECONOMICS Poly-Emporium Theory    
LINGUISTICS Linguistic Paradoxes Linguistic Tautologies  
PSYCHOLOGY Complex Illusion Law on Sensations and Stimuli
  Synonymity Test    
SOCIOLOGY Social Paradox Sociological Theory  
  Literatura Romana Bancuri  
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