SuperHyperStructure & Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure
 

        The SuperHyperStructure and Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure [15], together with their particular cases such as: SuperHyperAlgebra and Neutrosophic SuperHyperAlgebra (endowed with SuperHyperOperations and SuperHyperAxioms) [2016, 2022], SuperHyperGraph and Neutrosophic SuperHyperGraph [2019 - 2022], SuperHyperSoft Set, SuperHyperFunction and Neutrosophic SuperHyperFunction [2022], SuperHyperTopology and Neutrosophic SuperHyperTopology [2022] were founded by Smarandache [2] and developed between 2016 - 2024.

        All the above structures are built on the n-th PowerSet of a Set H, as in our real world {because a set (or system) H (that may be a set of items, an organization, country, etc.) is composed by sub-sets that are parts of P(H), which in their turn are organized in sub-sub-systems that are parts of P(P(H)) = P2(H), and so on}.

 

        1. "Hyper" and "Super" prefixes

The prefix “Hyper” [Marty [1], 1934] stand for the codomain of the functions and operations to be P(H), or the powerset of the set H. While the prefix “Super” [Smarandache [2], 2016] stands for using the Pn(H), n ≥ 2, or the n-th PowerSet of the Set H {because the set (or system) H (that may be a set of items, a company, institution, country, region, etc.) is organized in sub-systems that are part of P(H), which in their turn are organized in sub-sub-systems, that are part of P(P(H)) = P2(H) and so on} in the domain and/or codomain of the functions and operations and axioms.

   

           2. SuperHyperStructure

A SuperHyperStructure [2, 2016] is a structure built on the n-th powerset P*n(H) of a non-empty set H, for integer n ≥ 1, whose SuperHyperOperators are defined as follows:

#SHS :  (P*r(H))m ―> P*n(H),

where P*r(H) is the r-powerset of H, for integer r ≥ 1, while similarly P*n(H) is the n-th powerset of H,

and the SuperHyperAxioms act on it.

Indeterminacy is not allowed on this structure.

 

            3. Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure

A Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure is a structure built on the n-th powerset Pn(H) of a non-empty set H, for integer n ≥ 1, whose Neutrosophic SuperHyperOperators are defined as follows:

#SHS :  (Pr(H))m ―> Pn(H),

where Pr(H) is the r-powerset of H, for integer r ≥ 1, while similarly Pn(H) is the n-th powerset of H,

and the SuperHyperAxioms act on it.

Indeterminacy is allowed on this structure.

 

        4. History: From classical Structures and HyperStructures to SuperHyperStructures

        (i) Classical Structure

A classical Structure is built on a non-empty set H, whose classical Operations #S are defined as:

  #S :  Hm ―> H, for integer m ≥ 1,

and with classical Axioms acting on it.

        (ii) Classical HyperStructure

A classical HyperStructure (Marty, 1934) is built on a non-empty set H, whose HyperOperations are defined as:

#HS :  Hm ―> P*(H), where P*(H) is the powerset of H, without the empty set.

and the HyperAxioms acting on it.

        (iii) Neutrosophic HyperStructure

The Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure is an extension of the Classical HyperStructure, because it allows indeterminacy (uncertainty, unknown), denoted by the empty set ( θ ), into the the powerset of H, that it is denoted by P(H), without *

        (iv) SuperHyperStructure

A SuperHyperStructure is built on n-th powerset Pn(H) of a non-empty set H, for integer n ≥ 1, whose SuperHyperOperators are defined as follows:

#SHS :  (Pr(H))m ―> Pn(H),

where Pr(H) is the r-powerset of H, for integer r ≥ 1, while similarly Pn(H) is the n-th powerset of H,

and the SuperHyperAxioms act on it.

Indeterminacy is not allowed in this structure.

  

        (iv) Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure

A Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure is built on n-th powerset Pn(H) of a non-empty set H, for integer n ≥ 1, whose SuperHyperOperators are defined as follows:

#SHS :  (Pr(H))m ―> Pn(H),

where Pr(H) is the r-powerset of H, for integer r ≥ 1, while similarly Pn(H) is the n-th powerset of H,

and the SuperHyperAxioms act on it.

Indeterminacy (denoted by the empty set θ ) is allowed in this structure.

 

      (v) The n-th powerset of a set H with Indeterminacy (denoted by the empty set θ)

                 (vi) The n-th powerset of a set H without Indeterminacy

    The n-th PowerSet Pn(H) and P*n(H) of a non-empty set H, were introduced by Smarandache [2] in 2016.

   

   References

[1] F. Marty, Sur une généralisation de la Notion de Groupe, 8th Congress Math. Scandinaves, Stockholm,        Sweden, (1934), 45–49.

[2] F. Smarandache, SuperHyperAlgebra and Neutrosophic SuperHyperAlgebra, Section into the authors book Nidus Idearum. Scilogs, II: de rerum consectatione, Second Edition, (2016), pp. 107– 108, https://fs.unm.edu/NidusIdearum2-ed2.pdf

     [3] Mohammad Hamidi, Florentin Smarandache, Mohadeseh Taghinezhad: Decision Making Based on Valued Fuzzy

     SuperhypergraphsComputer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, vol. 138, no. 2, 1907-1923, 2023.

 

     [4] Abdullah Kargın, Florentin Smarandache, Memet Şahin: New Type Hyper Groups, New Type SuperHyper

Groups and Neutro-Type SuperHyper Groups. Chapter One in Florentin Smarandache, Memet Şahin, Derya

Bakbak, Vakkas Uluçay & Abdullah Kargın (Editors) - Neutrosophic SuperHyperAlgebra And New Types of

Topologies, Global Knowledge, pp. 10-24, 2023.

[5] Florentin SmarandacheExtension of HyperGraph to n-SuperHyperGraph and to Plithogenic n-SuperHyperGraph, and Extension of HyperAlgebra to n-ary (Classical-/Neutro-/Anti-) HyperAlgebra, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, vol. 33, 2020, pp. 290-296. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3783103

[6] S Santhakumar, I R Sumathi and J Mahalakshmi J, A Novel Approach to the Algebraic Structure of Neutrosophic SuperHyper Algebra , Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 60, 2023, pp. 593-602. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.10236475

[7] Sirus Jahanpanah and Roohallah Daneshpayeh, On Derived SuperHyper BE-Algebras, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 57, 2023, pp. 318-327. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.8271390

[8] Marzieh Rahmati and Mohammad Hamidi, Extension of G-Algebras to SuperHyper G-Algebras, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 55, 2023, pp. 557-567. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7879543

[9] Mohammad Hamidi, On Superhyper BCK-Algebras, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 53, 2023, pp. 580-588. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7536091

[10] Huda E. Khali , Gonca D. GÜNGÖR, Muslim A. Noah Zainal,  Neutrosophic SuperHyper Bi-Topological Spaces: Original Notions and New Insights, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 51, 2022, pp. 33-45. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.7135241

[11] Pairote Yiarayong, On 2-SuperHyperLeftAlmostSemihyp regroups, Neutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 51, 2022, pp. 516-524. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.713536

[12] Florentin Smarandache The SuperHyperFunction and the Neutrosophic SuperHyperFunctionNeutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 49, 2022, pp. 594-600. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6466524

[13] F. Smarandache, Introduction to the n-SuperHyperGraph - the most general form of graph todayNeutrosophic Sets and Systems, Vol. 48, 2022, pp. 483-485, DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.6096894

     [14] Florentin Smarandache, Foundation of Revolutionary Topologies: An Overview, Examples, Trend

     Analysis, Research Issues, Challenges, and Future DirectionsNeutrosophic Systems with Applications, 

     pp. 45-66, Vol. 13, 2024.

     

     [15] F. Smarandache, SuperHyperStructure and Neutrosophic SuperHyperStructure, Neutrosophic Sets and

     Systems, Vol. 63, pp. 367-381, 2024.

 

[16] M. Hamidi, M. Taghinezhad (2024): Application of SuperHyperGraphs-Based Domination Number in

Real World. Journal of Mahani Mathematical Research 13(1), 211-228; DOI:

10.22103/jmmr.2023.21203.1415

 

[17] Huda E. Khalid, Gonca Durmaz Gungor, Muslim A. Noah (2024): Neutrosophic SuperHyper Bi-

Topological Spaces: Extra TopicsNeutrosophic Optimization and Intelligent Systems 2, 43-

55; https://doi.org/10.61356/j.nois.2024.2217