Neutrosophy is a new branch of philosophy that studies the origin, nature, and scope of neutralities, as well as their interactions with different ideational spectra.

This theory considers every notion or idea <A> together with its opposite or negation <antiA> and with their spectrum of neutralities <neutA> in between them (i.e. notions or ideas supporting neither <A> nor <antiA>). The <neutA> and <antiA> ideas together are referred to as <nonA>. Neutrosophy is a generalization of Hegel's dialectics (the last one is based on <A> and <antiA> only).

According to this theory every idea <A> tends to be neutralized and balanced by <antiA> and <nonA> ideas - as a state of equilibrium.

In a classical way <A>, <neutA>, <antiA> are disjoint two by two.

But, since in many cases the borders between notions are vague, imprecise, Sorites, it is possible that <A>, <neutA>, <antiA> (and <nonA> of course) have common parts two by two, or even all three of them as well.

The Lupasco-Nicolescu Law of Included Middle [<A>, <nonA>, and a third value <T> which resolves their contradiction at another level of reality] is generalized to the Law of Included Multiple-Middle [<A>, <antiA>, and <neutA>, where <neutA> is split into a multitude of neutralities between <A> and <antiA>, such as <neut1A>, <neut2A>, etc.]. The <neutA> value (i.e. neutrality or indeterminacy related to <A>) actually comprises the included middle value. Also the Principle of Dynamic Opposition [opposition between <A> and <antiA>] is extended to the Principle of Dynamic Neutrosophic Opposition [which means oppositions among <A>, <antiA>, and <neutA>]. This book is here.

Neutrosophy is the base of neutrosophic logic, neutrosophic set, neutrosophic probability, and neutrosophic statistics that are used in engineering applications (especially for software and information fusion), medicine, military, airspace, cybernetics, physics.

The neutrosophy were introduced by Florentin Smarandache in 1995.



Neutrosofia, o nouă ramură a filosofiei, by Florentin Smarandache. In Neutrosophic Theory and Its Applications. Collected Papers, Volume 1, EuropaNova, Bruxelles, 472-477, 2014.

Neutrosofia, o nouă ramură a filosofiei, by Florentin Smarandache, Constelaţii diamantine, Craiova, Romania, Anul III, Nr. 7 (23), pp. 39-42, 27 July 2012.

Neutrosophy, a New Branch of Philosophy, by Florentin Smarandache, Multiple-Valued Logic / An International Journal, England, Vol. 8, No. 3, 297-384, June 2002.


bullet Law of Included Multiple-Middle & Principle of Dynamic Neutrosophic Opposition
bullet Neutrality and Many-Valued Logics
bullet Neutrosophy in Arabic Philosophy
bullet الفلسفة العربية من منظور نيوتروسوفيالفلسفة العربية من منظور نيوتروسوفي ( صــــــــلاح   عثمـــــانصــــــــلاح   عثمـــــان ,  فلورنتن سمارانداكهفلورنتن سمارانداكه ) [Arabic]
bullet Сущность нейтрософии; Смарадаке Ф.(перевод Д. Рабунского)[Russian]
bullet 逻辑学的统一:中智逻辑  中智学,中智集合论,中智概率论 (Chinese) [1, 2]
bullet 中道辩证法与唯道主义自然哲学[Chinese Neutrosophy and Taoist Natural Philosophy](Chinese)
bullet Neutrosophic Interpretation of Tao Te Ching (道德经的中智学解读和扩充 ?正反及中智道德经) [English-Chinese]
bullet Neutrosophic Interpretation of The Analects of Confucius 弗羅仁汀司馬仁達齊,傅昱華 論語的中智學解讀和擴充 正反及中智論語 English-Chinese Bilingual(英汉双语 )
bullet Neutrosofia ca reflectarea a realităţii neconvenţionale [Romanian]
bullet Neutrosophic Dialogues


First International Conference on Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Logic, Set, Probability and Statistics, University of New Mexico, Gallup Campus, 1-3 December 2001.  



bullet An Introduction to Neutrosophic Logic in Arabic Philosophy, presented by F. Smarandache & Salah Osman, Minufiya University, Shebin Elkom, Egypt, 17 December 2007.


MATHEMATICS Algebra Geometries Multispace
  Neutrosophic Environment Number Theory Statistics
PHILOSOPHY Neutrosophy, a new branch of philosophy Law of Included Multiple-Middle & Principle of Dynamic Neutrosophic Opposition  
PHYSICS Absolute Theory of Relativity Quantum Paradoxes Unmatter
  Neutrosophic Physics Superluminal and Instantaneous Physics  
BIOLOGY Neutrosophic Theory of Evolution Syndrome  
ECONOMICS Poly-Emporium Theory    
LINGUISTICS Linguistic Paradoxes Linguistic Tautologies  
PSYCHOLOGY Neutropsychic Personality Illusion Law on Sensations and Stimuli
  Synonymity Test Complex  
SOCIOLOGY Social Paradox Sociological Theory  
  Literatura Romana Bancuri  
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